Technical Profile: Simplifying shutdown safety
Planned shutdowns, turnarounds and outages (STO) are often scheduled for preventative maintenance and new equipment installation that must be performed to keep a plant running and in regulatory compliance.
To minimize production downtime, this work must be completed within a very tight time frame. As such, STOs are often feats of engineering, planning and co-ordination – work that begins many months, even years, before the event. At the top of the list during any planned shutdown is safety.
To prevent injury or loss of life, reduce liability and keep insurance rates in check, safety departments must provide the required safety training, products and services that will ensure that all on-site personnel and company assets are protected throughout the scope of the operation.
Managing all that encompasses “safety” for an STO, however, is often a feat of its own. During an STO, a typical facility can see its ranks swell from 50 to 300 additional workers that the safety department must properly equip, train and provide rescue and standby emergency services. This often requires managing multiple vendors of safety products and services, as well as dealing direct with workers who are not familiar with the facility or its processes.
Now, in a move designed to eliminate a point of complexity and co-ordination in an already-complicated process, some facility safety departments are outsourcing to a single combined safety service provider that can deliver the entire gamut of safety-related products and services. The benefits of this one-stop-shop approach for a planned shutdown are a single point of co-ordination, reduction in facility personnel required to manage the safety effort, access to extensive safety expertise and technical knowledge, potential cost savings on basic and more advanced personal protective equipment (PPE) and ability to respond quickly to unexpected situations or emergencies.
Despite the focus on speedy return-toservice, those that have participated in planned shutdowns will attest the emphasis is not how “fast” the work is completed, but, rather, ensuring the safety of all involved. This is not mere lip service, but the prime directive — even if that means going over budget or delaying the project. “Safety is number one,” says Kevin Nadolski, safety director at Duke & Duke Services. “Well before any of the work starts, the project managers are holding safety meetings and orienting employees on safety. This occurs both before and during the project, with managers reviewing daily reports about how many personnel are working, what they are doing, and if any are hurt they want to know exactly what happened.”
Nadolski has utilized a number of PPE providers and safety service companies over the course of his career. Duke & Duke Services provides installation and maintenance of conveyor systems, bulk handling equipment, presses, cranes, robotics and other automated machinery, often during STOs. He admits that the concept of a single, combined safety service provider is a novel concept in an industry where suppliers generally keep to well-defined market segments with minimal overlap. Large PPE providers, for example, offer catalogues with thousands of products, but rarely offer safety services — and vice versa.
Nadolski first began outsourcing to Calgary- based HSE Integrated — a company that was later acquired by DXP Safety Services but continues to operate in Canada as HSE Integrated — while working at a prior job. He has continued to use the company throughout the five years he has been employed as safety director at Duke & Duke. DXP Services is a multinational company that has grown significantly while aggressively pursuing new acquisitions. The company now operates as a single provider of combined safety (products + services) for plant turnarounds.
In addition to an extensive catalogue of PPE items, the company maintains a large asset base of equipment, including powered air trailers, supplied air trailers, emergency showers, eye wash equipment, MROP (Maintenance, Repair, Operations, and Production) trailers, fire trucks and ambulances. HSE Integrated also offers a comprehensive list of services, including safety training and supervision, confined space attendants and rescue teams, high angle rescue teams, rope rescue, gas detection, respiratory fit testing, audiometric testing, industrial hygiene, industrial medical services, fall protection, and repair services.
In 2015, Nadolski estimates he has already used DXP and HSE Integrated a dozen times for on-site safety supervision, emergency response, confined space attendants, and supplied air trailers. He also Simplifying shutdown safety Single source can reduce complexity, cost of shutdowns, turnarounds, outages A one-stop-shop approach for a planned shutdown can improve safety. Photo courtesy DXP Services. January PW Master.indd 38 1/26/2016 8:27:56 PM utilizes DXP to train employees that most complete annual confined space training.
“What I appreciate most is that when they send their guys out for rescue work, I know they are well-trained,” says Nadolski. “I still spot check them and ask them ‘what do you do if this happens? But they know it right off the bat. I don’t always get that with other safety services.”
The benefits of a one-stop-shop approach to safety begins well before the STO. As part of the pre-planning, a safety adviser from a combined service provider meets with facility safety and maintenance personnel to learn about their existing procedures and processes. For shorter projects this can be two to four weeks beforehand. For a more complex project, it’s 12 to 18 months in advance.
The safety adviser then evaluates and monitors safety hazards, and control strategies to ensure compliance with the facility’s safety rules, policies, programs, criteria and procedures, as well as all governmental regulations. Given the unique requirements of each facility, there are no one-size-fits-all safety plans, so each project is client-specific. In addition, the scope of involvement can be scaled from a single worker to a complete program for the entire scope of the STO.
Another benefit to this approach is the ability to react to unexpected situations or emergencies. Although a considerable amount of planning goes into a planned shutdown, there are still situations, requirements for specialized equipment, unexpected air quality issues and even injuries that can leave safety personnel scrambling. With the breadth and scope of its expertise, a combined safety services company can tap into its resources quickly to resolve the situation. In this regard, Nadolski says he relies on DXP to serve as an extra pair of eyes on the ground when he is not at the site.
“We have been in situations where we have needed something safety-related on the spot and DXP was able to take care of it for us,” he says. For more information, contact HSE Integrated at 403-266-1833, cneely@hseintegrated. com or www.hseintegrated.com.
About the author: Jeff Elliott is a Torrance, Calif.- based technical writer. He has researched and written about industrial technologies and issues for the past 20 years.