The flurry of deals underscores the Canadian energy sector’s desire to grow to benefit from the rebound in oil prices as global fuel demand picks up. It also reflects smaller companies betting on economies of scale.
“As the funding markets have opened back up off the rebound in commodity prices, you’re going to see more of those asset deals, and you’ll see a lot more of similar-sized companies coming together,” said Luke Gordon, head of Canadian mergers and acquisitions at Goldman Sachs.
Oilfield services provider Secure Energy Services’ proposed $478 million merger with Tervita Corp this month took year-to-date Canadian energy sector deals to a record $18 billion, according to data from Dealogic.
Canadian energy sector deals made up 16.2 per cent of global volumes of $111.4 billion between the start of the year and March 18, the highest amount since 2002, the data showed.
While U.S. year-to-date activity totalled $26.1 billion, it was below the record $83.6 billion in 2017.
Investors are cheering the deals, with acquirers’ stock generally climbing in the aftermath of announcements. Shares in Secure are up 10% since the merger was proposed, outperforming the Canadian energy index, which has fallen 3% over the same period.
Stephen Duench, vice-president and portfolio manager at AGF Investments Inc, said a lot of the debt-laden small-cap companies also have good assets and M&A helps them to unlock the value of these assets.
“We’ve had quite a remarkable bounce-back in the markets and within the energy sector, so that probably accelerated a lot of these guys” to go ahead with the deals, he added.
Grant Fagerheim, chief executive officer of Whitecap Resources, a Calgary-based oil and gas company, expects the consolidation to continue.
“What we’re expecting is a tighter credit environment, with fewer lenders and higher-cost debt,” he said. “I feel we are in the third or fourth inning of a nine-inning game.”
Credit spreads are widening as banks re-evaluate their risk appetite for smaller producers, Fagerheim said. As a result, some producers are looking to grow.
Whitecap executed two deals in the second half of 2020 using stock to buy rivals Nal Resources and TORC Oil & Gas, which allowed it to reduce debt, Fagerheim said, in a type of deal likely to be replicated.
The recovery in oil prices from last year’s lows means more companies are incentivized to move ahead with deals.
“The organic growth model is dead,” said Adam Waterous, chief executive of Canadian private equity firm Waterous Energy Fund, which this month completed its takeover of Osum Oil Sands Corp for $171 million.
“Puff Daddy said it all: ‘It’s all about the Benjamins,’” he said, referring to the American rapper’s song about the U.S. $100 bill. “If Canadian companies want access to U.S. investors’ cash, they have to gain scale,” he added.